Archive for August, 2007

Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids Treatment

Since time immemorial, hemorrhoid is one disease that has disturbed humankind. Until now there has no clear understanding on this condition, the reported complaints and certain causes. Both health professionals and laypersons do not have the clear comprehension about the anorectal area the problems that may arise from it.

The exact definition of hemorrhoids is not yet present, but they can be characterized as clumps or masses of tissue surrounding the anal canal which contain blood vessels. The sustaining tissues are made up of elastic and muscle fibers. The anal canal is found in the last four centimeters where the stool passes from the rectum.

Apart from the common notion that hemorrhoids are abnormal conditions, it is usually present in all individuals. The problems arise when the clumps or masses (“cushions”) of tissue enlarge. This can then be a disease to be treated.

Present statistics disclose that only 4 percent of the general population experience problems in hemorrhoids. Both men and women have been found out to be equally prevalent in hemorrhoidal problems. And it is usually rampant in ages 45 and 65 years of age. The arteries constitute a network around the anal canal which supplies blood from the rectum above. It is because of this rich network of arteries that vessels have enough volume of arterial blood to supply. The bright red color of blood coming from hemorrhoids is the arterial blood as compared to the darker redness of the venous blood. It follows then that bleeding from hemorrhoids is rarely severe. These blood vessels bypass the tissues underneath the hemorrhoidal cushions.

Types of Hemorrhoids

There are two types of hemorrhoids. First is the internal hemorrhoid which is formed at the top of the anal canal or the rectal side. The external hemorrhoid on the other hand is the one which originates at the lower end of the anal canal. Basically the distinction between the external and internal hemorrhoids is on its location whether found above or below the dentate line.

As previously mentioned, hemorrhoidal cushions located in the upper anal canal contain blood vessels and their tissues underneath. Usually there are three major cushions of the hemorrhoids, namely left lateral, right posterior, and the right anterior. When the internal hemorrhoids are enlarged, both the supporting tissues and the anal cushions increase in size. The stuffed blood vessels and the mass of tissue then protrude into the anal canal which necessarily causes problems.

Hemorrhoids Symptoms

In the anal canal, there are two types of nerves. These are the somatic nerves, which are located below the dentate line, and the visceral nerves which are found above the dentate line. The latter type of nerves does not experience pain but can only sense pressure. This explains why internal hemorrhoids are usually painless.

When the anal cushion of the internal hemorrhoid keep on enlarging, it swells into the anal canal. Sometimes it can pull down a segment of the inside layer of the rectum above, therefore loosing its normal attachment and may protrude from the anus. When this happens, there is a prolapsing internal hemorrhoid. The hemorrhoid in the anal canal is exposed the disturbance of stool passing especially the solid ones due to constipation. The strain of the anal canal causes the bleeding and in some cases pain as the stool passes by. The anal lining that has been distanced moistens the rectum and the surrounding skin by secreting mucus. Some fragments of the stool may leak into the anal skin. Once this happens, the continuing moisture may result into itchiness of the anus, also known as pruritus ani.

There are three stages of hemorrhoids which also disclose their severity particularly that of internal hemorrhoids:

  • First-degree hemorrhoids: In this first stage, the hemorrhoids do not prolapse however they may bleed.

  • Second-degree hemorrhoids: The hemorrhoids in the second-degree retract and prolapse on their own. There may be or may not be bleeding.

  • Third-degree hemorrhoids: There is necessity of pushing bach the prolapsing hemorrhoids.

  • Fourth-degree hemorrhoids: In this last degree, hemorrhoids may have already contained blood clots or the lining has been excessively pulled down.

External hemorrhoids have a different set of symptoms as compared to internal hemorrhoids. This kind of hemorrhoid is physically felt as protuberance in the anus. Sometimes they manifest same symptoms with that of internal hemorrhoids. The major problems occur in external problems when blood clots inside. A painful anal lump may result in the thrombosis of an external hemorrhoid. This necessarily requires medical assistance.

Diagnosis for Hemorrhoids

In the case of external hemorrhoids, once lumps of bumps appear surrounding the anus and is tender, it is suggested that it should be medically attended. A thrombosed hemorrhoid can be a cause of rare cancers of the perianal area. Sometimes it may only appear as external hemorrhoids, together with its symptoms but it may also be a sign of prevalent cancer.

Internal hemorrhoid diagnosis is somewhat easy, especially if the hemorrhoid obtrudes from the rectal area. Although anal examination may help in putting the internal hemorrhoid into sight with a gloved finger, the necessity of the anal examination is more useful in pre-determining rare cancers that are starting to grow in the adjacent rectum and anal canal. The use of anoscope is also one way of thoroughly examining of internal hemorrhoid.

The anoscope is an instrument, three-inch long with a clear or metal hollow tube about one inch in diameter in its screening point. Before this apparatus is inserted into the anus, it is lubricated. It then passes through the anal canal, and eventually into the rectum. Then the anoscope is slowly taken out. On its way to exit, the part of the rectum where internal hemorrhoids are present, are clearly seen. When the patient strains, just like when they are about to have a bowel movement, it makes the hemorrhoids more visible. Other functions of the anoscopy include effective diagnosis of fissures in the anus.

Indirect anoscopy has also its functions. Indirect anoscopy involves the use of a special mirror for visualizing the anus of a patient while he is at seat and strained on a toilet. What is distinct in indirect anoscopy is that it helps the doctor in seeing the results of straining and the consequent gravity on the anal area.

If there appears to be bleeding in the stool, the colon on top of the rectum needs to be checked to eliminate all other causes of bleeding except that of hemorrhoids. This is necessary even if hemorrhoids are not found. Some causes of bleeding may include colitis, colon cancer, and polyps. The examination may be done through colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy. These are medical procedures which enables the doctor to see more than half or the entire colon.

Hemorrhoids Treatment and Home Remedies

There are some home-treatments that can be done on your own to treat hemorrhoids. However, in whichever case you have, it is highly recommended to consult your physicians before taking any actions. Surgical procedures or simple medications are entirely important in the proper treatment of hemorrhoids.

Medications for Hemorrhoids

Over-the-counter (OTC) ointments, creams or pads may be prescribed by your doctor if you are experiencing minor discomforts only due to the hemorrhoids present. These OTC medications may contain topical anti-inflammatory containing hydrocortisone or hazel agents. This medications coupled with warm baths daily, may alleviate the discomfort of your symptoms.

Surgical or other procedures

If blood clots are present in the areas near an external hemorrhoid, your physician can simply get rid of the clot by plain incision. This procedure usually gives you immediate relief.

If pain and bleeding persists, these procedures may be recommended:

  • Hemorrhoid Banding – In this procedure, your physician places one or two small rubber bands surrounding the bottom of an internal hemorrhoid to stop its flow and the hemorrhoid will eventually fall off. This procedure is also known as “rubber band litigation”. It can be done in the doctor’s office and is proven to be effective for many individuals.
  •  SurgerySurgery is only proceeded with if other procedures have failed or if you happen to have big hemorrhoids. A procedure called hemorrhoidectomy can be done to eliminate tissues. This surgery is necessarily preceded with application of either general anesthetic or local anesthetic coupled with sedation, a spinal anesthetic. It’s typically made in an overnight hospital stay or as an outpatient. Usually the surgery may lead to certain discomforts but immediate medication may grant you relief afterwards. A warm bath and be soaked in it for a few minutes might also help in easing the discomfort.
  • SclerotherapyThis procedure reduces the size of the hemorrhoid by injecting a chemical solution around the blood vessel.
  • Infrared lightTo cut off the circulation to small, bleeding, internal hemorrhoids, the doctor can administer a 1- or 2-second rupture of infrared light.

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Home Remedies for Warts Treatment

Generally, warts are infections that are caused by different strands of viruses in the family of human papillomavirus (HPV). Medical research can tell us that there are about 60 types of virus in the line of HPV. Warts can affect every part of your body, it may be in your genitals, skin, inside your mouth or even on the rectal area. The location of the warts will depend entirely on the HPV type that has infected an individual. The severity of the warts depends on the ability of the immune system to resist HPV viruses.

Transmissions of warts are through direct physical contact with an infected person. Other ways of conveying warts are through contact with personal belongings such as towels, socks, and other objects that were used by infected individuals. Most people are exposed or infected by warts. However, children are the common victims, including young adults. Upon direct contact and infection, the resolution of warts usually varies in time with some variables to consider. In most cases, warts may disappear within weeks or months but it may also take years to heal. Diseases which affect the immune system like that of lymphoma and AIDS can weaken the body’s defenses and can therefore lead to contraction of warts which last longer.

Genital warts can be the most sensitive among other infections. This can be acquired during sexual intercourse. It is advised to avoid from having unprotected sex with an infected individual or even you have warts yourself. Cervical warts or warts growing inside reproductive organs can occur in women. More than half of all individuals who had direct sexual contact with an infected partner will necessarily acquire sexually transmitted disease (STD).

Although there isn’t much knowledge on the root cause and progress of the papilloma virus, physicians have learned that moist and warm areas of the genital are preferred by wart growths. Warts outbursts are aggravated in pregnancy and in defective immune system cases.

It is important to note that individuals with previous histories of genital warts are more prone to definite types of cancer. HPV’s warts have been attributed to 90 percent of cervical cancers and other cancers in the vulva, vagina, anus, and penis.

Symptoms of Warts

Shapes and sizes of warts vary in different cases. They may either appear as a flat and smooth lesion or as a bump with an uneven surface. Capillaries or tiny blood vessels grow in the center of the wart to provide the wart with blood. These blood vessels may appear as dark dots in the core of common and plantar warts.

  • It is in common warts that lesions have well-defined edges and uneven surfaces. Usually they come in irregular or round shapes with sizes ranging from 2 millimeters to 10 millimeters. Common warts are hard to feel and can be light yellow, gray, gray-black, or brown. Frequent areas infected by common warts are on the backs of hands and near the fingernails. They can also develop on the knees and elbows. The good thing is that common warts usually do not have the symptoms of pain.
  • Plantar warts usually emerge on the sole of the foot. Because of the pressure of stepping on them, they appear to be flat and dotted with tiny, blood clotted vessels. Symptoms of plantar warts include a painful sensation, especially when they are located more on the weight-bearing part of the foot. As distinguished from plantar warts, corns don’t have the dark spots resembling that of pinpoints.

Types of less common warts:

  • Mosaic wartsThese are warts that develop on the feet. They grow in groups of a number of small, closely placed plantar warts.
  • Genital wartsThe name suggests the location of the warts. However, for women, it may also develop on the cervix or inside the vagina.
  • Cervical warts The risk of having cervical warts is that in rare cases it leads to cervical cancer.
  • Filiform warts This is another type of flat wart, which grows around the beard area, mouth, and nose. On the surface of filiform warts are flesh-colored, fingerlike projections.
  • Flat warts - These are usually found on the back of the hands and the face. They commonly appear as tiny individual bumps with a size of 1/4 inch.
  • Pedunculated warts - They appear as cauliflower like-shaped bumps on the neck, head, beard and scalp.
  • Periungual wartsCommonly found around and under fingernails and toenails. This infection can greatly affect growing nails.

Diagnosis for Warts

Warty Lesions

In general, warts are those of viral ones. Warts are considered the most common of all tumors. Most of the population acquire warts at certain stages of their lives and eventually disappear even without prescribed treatments. Warts may grow almost anywhere in the body, from the face, hand and fingers, to the soles of the feet and even into the sensitive parts of the genitalia. Clinical appearances of warts vary from one case to another and will depend entirely on the strand of virus involved. This is where the basis of the diagnosis starts. A clinical biopsy of the location of the warts and its immediate symptoms will greatly help in determining the proper treatment.

Diagnostic problems

When the warts are entirely visible due to their large numbers, there are usually no complications in diagnosis. Problems come in when warts affect adults when signs of squamous cell carcinoma, seborrhoeic warts, viral warts and solar keratoses are difficult to distinguish. If the lesion is indurated and large, then it would probably be squamous cell carcinoma. In solitary lesions in adults, special care should be taken into account. Although these lesions may appear like ordinary warts, they may cover the squamous cell carcinoma behind.

Genital Warts

For patients who have acquired genital warts should see a doctor to be diagnosed. Other related types of infections should be given medical attention immediately so that prompt treatment may be proceeded with.

Diagnosis of genital warts is usually done through direct visual examination. Vinegar or acetic acid is mopped on the genitalia particularly the penis or cervix because if the HPV lesions appear to be whitish, then the patient is positive of wart infections.

Another procedure named colposcopy uses a lighted magnifying instrument. This painless examination probes into women’s reproductive organs. Diagnosis through this procedure may be helpful in determining the viral strands of the infection.

A biopsy of the cervical tissue may be necessary. A small sample of tissue is taken out from the cervix and is examined under a biological microscope. In order to confirm a diagnosis, testing for HPV genetic material and sampling of tissues can be necessary.

Warts Treatment and Home Remedies

The location of the warts in the body is the most basic thing to know before treating it. This is because treatments may vary for warts on the external parts of the skin from genital warts. Over-the-counter (OTC) medications or home remedies are discouraged when treating genital warts. Instead of healing the skin with warts, you can even damage your genital area with the chemicals you might apply.

The following are some procedures to eliminate warts from the skin:

  • Salicylic AcidApplying salicylic acid (Compoud W) can treat warts found on the hands, feet or knees. For better results, apply the acid on a daily basis for a number of weeks. Be sure to apply it after you take a bath or shower and you have dried your skin dry lightly with a towel. The acid penetrates deeper into the skin and is more effective when it is applied to moist skin. On the next day, use a pumice stone or an emery board to scrape away the dead exterior of the warts.
  • Cantharidin - Your physician may prescribe cantharidin to treat your warts. In this particular treatment, the doctor brushes the chemical directly into the infection. For most people, they don’t experience any pain upon the application of the chemical. The pain begins to manifest and may even develop blistering of the wart within 3 to 8 hours. Bandage is then used to cover the treated wart, after application of cantharidin. After the lapse of 24 hours, the bandage can be removed. When other compounds are mixed with cantharidin, a longer time is maintained before the bandage is removed. A subsequent appointment with the doctor will enable him or her to remove the dead skin of the wart.
  • Liquid nitrogenLiquid nitrogen is used to freeze the wart. This treatment is popularly known as cryotherapy. The patient may feel a little discomfort when liquid nitrogen is applied to the wart. This procedure may be repeated for a total of 2 to 4 times in 1 to 3 weeks. If such treatment fails to eliminate the warts then your doctor may recommend you to proceed with another type of treatment.

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Home Remedies for Acne Treatment

Acne comes in different types but it is commonly known for plugged pores such as whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples. It may also signify deep lumps on the back, chest, face, and shoulders such as cysts or nodules. Although acne may be present in all ages, teenagers are the common victims of this skin problem. The good news is acne does not pose a life threatening condition. However, acne can be disfigure to some extent physical features and can be very upsetting. In fact, in severe cases of acne, scarring can be serious and permanent.

The major cause of acne is the overactivity or the excess secretion by the sebaceous glands of oily substances in the skin. Individuals with acne have sebaceous glands that are extraordinarily sensitive to testosterone in normal blood levels. Testosterone is a hormone that is found in both male and females. People who have acne have sensitive testosterone that signals the sebaceous glands to secrete sebum excessively. While sebum is being produced, the dead skin cells clog up the hair follicle openings if these dead cells are not shed properly.

These two processes when combined results to the building up of oil in the follicles of hair. This in turn leads to the formation of blackheads and whiteheads. In some cases, acne of individuals stops progressing beyond the mentioned stage.

However for some people, aside from the effects of the oil build-up, it will produce a suitable surrounding for a type of bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes to live. However, these bacteria normally do not cause harm on your skin when this happens. They typically nourish on sebum and eventually produce substances that often lead to certain reactions from your immune system. This explains the skin redness and spots that may appear in your skin coupled with inflammation.

In instances of severe inflammatory acne, beneath the skin surface may develop cysts. The danger comes of the possibility of the cysts to rupture. When this happens the infection may spread into surrounding skin tissues. This usually leads in scarring.

Misconceptions of Acne

These are few of the common misconceptions or myths of acne:

  • That acne is caused by eating chocolate or fatty foods

  • That acne is caused by build-up of dirt - blackheads acquire their dark color through excess in skin pigment not by the color of dirt.

Acne Symptoms

Terms relating to several types of skin acne are often confusing. These skin conditions are commonly used interchangeably. This is the importance of learning each term and their corresponding symptoms. It is important to note that the proper identification of these skin conditions is helpful in determining the right treatment.

Types of Acne: The following are the common types of acne

Lesion - Due to a disease or injury, body tissues may physically change. The location of lesions may either be internal which may be in cirrhosis of the liver, lung cancer, and atherosclerosis in a blood vessel. Or it may be external which may be found in psoriatic plaque, knife cut, and skin cancer.

Comedo or Comedones - When dead cells, bacteria, tiny hairs, and sebum plug the follicles, comedo or comedones (plural) begin to appear. It is often termed as a blackhead when a comedo is open because of the blackish appearance of the surface of the follicle. On the other hand, a closed comedo is frequently termed as a whitehead; it resembles that of a slightly inflamed or skin-colored bump in the skin. The difference in the color of a blackhead and a whitehead is because of the distended follicular opening as compared to the narrow or closed opening of the plugged sebaceous follicle.

Papule - It is a solid lesion raised above the surface of the skin with an average size of 5 millimeters. Clusters or groups of small papules and micromedones may not be visible to the eye but may have“sandpaper” feel when touched.

Pustule - A pustule consists of a fragile lesion with a shape of a little dome that contains a mixture of bacteria, white blood cells, and dead skin (pus). Pustules that develop above a sebaceous follicle typically have a hair in its core. Mild pustules that do not progress into a cyst and heals overtime will leave no scars.

Macule - When an acne lesion heals, it leaves a temporary red spot called the macule. It appears to be flat and usually takes the color of a red-pink or red with a distinctive border. The macule may exist for a few days to weeks before disappearing without any treatment. The presence of clusters of macules in one area at a time gives the face an inflamed presentation.

Nodule - Similar to a papule, a nodule is a dome-shaped, solid lesion. Characteristics of a nodule include: inflammation, tissue destruction, scarring, and can probe into the deeper layers of the skin. This explains why a nodule can be very painful. Nodules are considered severe forms of acne that are resistant to therapies or treatments except isotretinoin.

Cyst - It is a sac-like lesion filled with liquid or partially liquid material consisting of bacteria, blood cells, and dead cells. Its size is a little more than a pustule and may have the characteristics of inflammation, pain, and scarring. Nodules and cysts may develop at one time to form severe acne called nodulocystic.

Diagnosis for Acne Disease

There a two basic methods for diagnosing acne which is through physical examination and history. Acne lesions are commonly found in areas where there is great concentration of the sebaceous glands. These areas include the arms, back, chest, the face, and neck.

Any disorder of the skin that has microscopic micromedo as its initial pathology is termed as acne vulgaris. Such micromedo can now develop into a closed comedones or “whiteheads” or visible open comedones or “blackheads”. Eventually, inflammatory nodules, papules, and pustules may come into the picture. Usually acne can be triggered or aggravated by factors such as medications, mechanical obstruction, or occupational exposures. You should consult your physicians concerning common medications that may even contribute to the cause or symptoms of acne. Emollients and cosmetics may occlude follicles thus resulting to eruption of acneiform. A localized erythematous pustular or popular eruption can be a result of topical corticosteroids producing perioral dermatitis.

Acne Treatment and Medication

Acne does not only give you physical deformations but also emotional stress. But don’t worry, there are a number of treatments to consider depending on the type and severity of acne that you may have. However, it is important to remember that treatments will not ‘cure’ your acne 100%. These treatments prevent the occurrence of further acne; improve the symptoms at hand, and to eliminate scarring in certain cases.

Home treatment and remedies for Acne

Hygiene is still the best prevention for acnes. Make sure to keep acne-prone areas of the skin clean. Washing such areas twice a day with a cleanser is a good practice. Since the skin needs a considerable amount of oil to maintain its’ natural condition, do away washing your skin with soaps containing strong agents.

Over-the-counter (OTC) treatments are now available to remedy mild acne. OTC medications usually have antibacterial agents including benzoyl peroxide (Oxy and Clearasil Max).

Remember that home treatment do not work immediately. Significant results will usually take weeks or months to manifest. If after 2 months there are still no noticeable effects, you may either have severe acne or your treatment does not entirely render effective.

Topical treatments for Acne

There are also a number of topical treatments that may be prescribed by your physicians including:

  • Topical antibiotic (Dalacin T) lotions are effective in controlling P. acnes bacteria. Topical treatments should be administered for at least six months. Combinations of acne medications and an antibiotic are also available at pharmacies (Benzoyl peroxide is combined with Benzamycin).
  • Azelaic acid (Skinoren) is a good substitute to benzoyl peroxide and may not have the effect of sores on your skin as that of benzoyl peroxide.
  • Topical retinoids such as Adapalene are medications that are based on vitamin A. These treatments are usually rubbed into the skin once or twice a day. Topical retinoids promote the outer layer of skin to flake off dead skin cells.

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Home Remedies for Burns

Each year, thousands of patients endure burn injuries. Patients who seek medical attention reach up to 2.4 million in the United States alone. Burns of any kind are one of the most complex and painful injuries that often leads to initial trauma. Medical professionals need correct wound management and thorough evaluation of the patient. Occasionally scars are left behind after a burn. The depth or amount of scar will depend on the extremities of the burn and its corresponding causes.

Common Causes of Burns

  • When the skin comes in contact with hot liquids, Scald burns are formed. This is the most common form of skin burn.
  • Next in line are Thermal burns that are caused by flame injuries. Among the common incidents are clothing ignited by stoves, improper use of flammable liquids, auto accidents, or careless smoking.
  • Contact burns are caused by hot objects to be in contact with the skin.
  • Electrical burns may occur at accidents involving exposed electrical outlets or live wires.
  • At industries, Chemical burns are common especially for individuals working in toxic chemical factories. However, chemical burns may occur at households.
  • Tanning lotions and equipment or over exposure to the sun can also cause Ultraviolet burns.
  • When a person is entrapped in an enclosed space with gas or fumes, there is the possibility of acquiring Inhalation burns.

Symptoms of BurnDegrees of Burns:

  • First-degreeusually affects the outer layer of the skin. Pain, skin redness and swelling are associated with first-degree burns.

  • Second-degreeThere is partial thickness in this next degree of burn. Not only does it affect the outer layer, but it also penetrates the underlying skin. Aside from the common symptoms from the previous degree of burn, blisters now may develop.

  • Third-degreeIn this last stage of burns, the deep tissues are affected, thus creating full thickness of the skin. The damaged skin may appear to be whitened or blackened, coupled with numbness.

The major signs of a burn are redness, swelling, and pain in the affected area. A severe burn will also cause blistering. The skin may also peel, appear white or charred (blackened), or feel numb. A burn may trigger a headache and fever. The most serious burns may cause shock. The symptoms of shock include faintness, weakness, rapid pulse and breathing, pale and clammy skin, and bluish lips and fingernails.

These indications are for contact or skin burns. However, airway burns or lung injuries have different symptoms. Patients with airway burns may experience coughing, wheezing or difficulty in breathing. When the patient coughs, the mucus produced may appear carbon-stained or darkened.

Externally, the patient may have burned lips or charred mouth. Burns on the face, head, or neck are predetermined signs that the individual have also acquired airway burns. Since the irritated organs include the lungs and the air passageway, the patient may also have a change in his voice.
Burns Diagnosis

In all cases of burns, the doctor will require a thorough examination on the burned area. The treatment will be according to the amount of tissue damage the burn has caused and how deep it affected the system. He or She will also ask the occurrence of the burn. In certain cases, the doctor will ask a child victim of any case of child abuse. The BSA or body surface area affected by the burn is the determining factor of health professionals in assessing the severity of the burn. For patients who are more than nine years old, the “rule of nines” applies to the BSA in determining the stages of burns. In one instance, each leg or foot is 18% of the BSA, while the arm and the hand consist of 9%. The index for burn injuries in the head and neck are 9% while the front torso has a value of 18%. Both the genitals and the hand of a child below nine years old are worth 1% of the BSA.

Minor burns are those which cover less than 10% of a child’s body and those which affect only less than 15% of an adult’s body. Burns ranging from 10-20% of a child’s body and those that cover 15-25% of the body are considered moderate burns. More than the limits of moderate burns on both adults and children, particularly those on the face, genitals, hands, and feet, are declared are critical burns.
Treatment and Home Remedies for Burns

First-Degree BurnsHome treatments can be sufficient for minor burns. Initial step is to remove any jewelry or clothing that may have covered the burned area. Place the injured area under cold running water for 10 minutes to make sure that the burning stops. An alternative treatment can be in a form of cool moistened cloth to clean the affected skin. Instead of using bandages with adhesive, apply sterile gauze pad to cover the burn. Make sure the pad is loose enough for the burn to be circulated by air. Never apply oils or butter as other would advice, this can only aggravate the burn by trapping the heat inside and making it difficult to heal.

Antiseptic cleansers coupled with aloe-based cream are effective to relieve the pain. Certain pain relievers work also as anti-inflammatory medications but should be taken in accordance with the specified directions. Aspirins are prohibited for children with ages below 18 because there is the risk of Reye’s syndrome, which is considered as a serious illness.

Second-Degree Burns: The main objective in treating second-degree burns is to prevent further infection and to minimize pain. If fire was the major cause of the burn, smother the flame with moist blanket or water. It is also essential to instruct the victim to apply the “stop, drop, and roll” technique.

If the patient has developed blisters, don’t force them open. Once the blisters are openly exposed, there is the risk of secondary infection. However, if the opened blisters have been attached with clothing, do not remove them nor place them under running water. This will only set the patient in the risk of shock. A sterile gauze pad is safe to cover a closed or exposed blister. If blisters are larger in size, a clean sheet can be wrapped around to protect the burn. Again, it is important to loosen the bandage enough so that air can circulate around the burn.

Third-Degree Burns: Immediate medical assistance and treatment are required for all cases of third-degree burns. All cases of third-degree burns should be considered in medical emergencies except for minor burns. 911 assistance or emergency room confinement is required for patients with a severe degree burn.

If the person is still on fire, instruct him or her not to panic. Put out the flames with a jacket, blanket or water, which ever is available. Or have the victim use the “stop, drop, and roll” technique. Gently remove any clothing or jewelry that may have covered in the injured area. However, if any foreign object is stuck in the burned area, do not remove them. Immerse the affected area in cool water or you can apply a moistened cloth to prevent the burning process. Do not prolong the burned area in cold water nor apply ice or iced water for it will only cause further tissue damage.

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Home Remedies for High Blood Pressure

The principle of adopting natural health remedies for high blood pressure are based upon our balanced daily diet, life style management and careful consumption of certain supplements. High Blood Pressure is caused by stress and a faulty life style. Smoking, excessive intake of common salt, high fat and low fibre diet, intoxicants, alcohol, tea, coffee, and refined foods is also one of the causes.

1.   One of the most effective natural health remedies for high blood pressure is garlic. You can take 1-2 fresh garlic cloves in various forms such as soup, salad, pickles and the like. Garlic is also available in the form of capsules. An average dose of two to three capsules a day for 12 weeks will make a sizable dent in high levels of blood pressure. Garlic is regarded as an effective remedy for lowering blood pressure. Eat a few cloves of garlic. Garlic pills or powder make the blood thinner, so you need to be careful when you are taking any prescription drugs. It should not be combined with prescription blood-thinners such as Trental (pentoxifylline), Coumadin (warfarin) or with natural blood-thinners such as Ginkgo or Vitamin E. And do not take Garlic in the weeks before and after any type of surgery.

2.   A diet rich in magnesium (found in nuts, kale, leafy greens, legumes and whole cereal grains), folic acid and potassium will work effectively in reducing high blood pressure.  Some vitamins also play a crucial role as natural health remedies for high blood pressure, such as vitamins B, C, D, and E (which helps vitamin C to lower blood pressure level),  You can get these vitamins by consuming citrus (lemons, oranges and grapefruit), Indian gooseberry, European blueberry and watermelon or by supplementation.

4.   Serrapeptase is a natural proteolytic enzyme isolated from the micro-organism that is processed through fermentation of plant grown enzymes so vegetarians can also consume it. This enzyme is immunologically active for clearing the blood vessels and has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect. It is truly a natural health remedy for high blood pressure.

5.   Indian gooseberry (amla) is also an effective remedy for high blood pressure. Take a tablespoon each of gooseberry juice and honey, mix together and drink it every morning.

6.   Overweight and stress, both play a very important role in increasing the level of blood pressure. By reducing both, you can surprisingly lower your blood pressure level safely and naturally. Yoga and meditation can do wonders to reduce weight, stress and normalize blood pressure and are great natural health remedies.

7.  Potatoes are also very good for lowering blood pressure. Eat baked potatoes.  Parsley is also very useful for high blood pressure. Make a drink by simmering 20 gm of fresh parsley leaves in 250 ml of water for a few minutes. Drink it several times a day.

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